The national capital of Austria is Vienna, which is the largest city and one of the nine states. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria which is close to the borders of Hungary, Czechia, and Slovakia. Vienna city is the most populous with 1.9 million people and 2.6 million living within the metropolitan area which is nearly one-third of the country’s population. It is the 6th largest city in terms of population in the European Union. Vienna also acts as a centre for cultural, economic, and political issues.
Vienna is the 2nd largest German-speaking city after Berlin. Many major international organizations including the United Nations, OPEC, and the OSCE are hosted in Vienna. The Vienna city centre was designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001 and was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger in 2017. Vienna city is known as “City of Music” due to its musical legacy and “City of Dreams” because of it being home to the world's first psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.
Austria is the 4th richest country in the world in terms of GDP per capita and it is a well-developed social market economy. Vienna reached GDP €38,632 per capita within Europe and was ranked as the fifth richest NUTS-2 region, just behind Inner London, Luxembourg, Brussels-Capital region and Hamburg. Vienna is known for its high quality of life.
In a 2005 study of 127 world cities, the Economic Intelligence Unit ranked the city first for the world’s most liveable cities.
Vienna was ranked second behind Melbourne between 2011 and 2015. It replaced Melbourne as the number one spot in 2018 and continued as the first in 2019. The human-resource-consulting firm Mercer ranked Vienna first in its annual “Quality of Living” survey of hundreds of cities around the world for ten consecutive years (2009–2019). Vienna ranked second on a list of the top 25 cities in the world by Monocle's 2015 "Quality of Life Survey".